- Physiology of a four-month-old child
- Nutrition of the child at 4 months old
- Skills and abilities
- How to organize a child’s life in 4 months
- How to play
- What you can teach your baby
- Initial development of speech
- Useful articles about newborn kids:
Physiology of a four-month-old child
At 4 months, most children can roll over and are increasingly interested in the world around them: their eyesight acquires an “adult” quality, and the handles are able to grab a toy.
Movement in a 4-month-old child becomes more stable, the pose of the strained neck gradually disappears and the head is held in the middle line. He pulls his hands to the toys, feels objects, turns from the back to his side and on his stomach.
The child at 4 months distinguishes the main spectral colors and musical sounds, the difference between which is 4-5 tones.
|Boys (lbs. and inches)||11.9–20.1||23.2–27|
|Girls (lbs. and inches)||10.6–19||22.5–26.4|
Nutrition of the child at 4 months old
Feeding remains exclusively breastfed, without the introduction of water and supplementation. The baby at the age of 4 months rarely needs to be apply to the breast: sucks usually when falling asleep, awakening and during night and daytime sleep. So there is a appears accurate mode of feeding.
Features of breastfeeding
During feeding the baby can press the mother’s breast with gums, causing painful sensations. This is the first action of the child, aimed at separation from the mother. Adequate behavior of the mother – a fright, a cry – will help the child understand that he and his mother are not the same.
Another feature of the age of 4 months – during feeding the baby starts to distract often and turn away from his chest, as if checking his mother for reliability. At this time you can not take his chest from him, believing that he is already full, or harmful, or refuses to breast – on the contrary, it is necessary to wait for the child.
Frequency of food consumption
The baby should eat 6 times a day at intervals of 3.5 hours, and a night interval of about 6.5 hours. In the fourth month, you can enter the first food – fruit juice or fruit puree. In this case, the number of feedings will be reduced to 5 times a day in four hours, and the night interval, on the contrary, will increase to 8 hours. Immediately, after the child wakes up, there will be a first feeding.
At about 4 months, the child begins to take an interest in the eating of adults and the process of eating: he watches his hands, looks into the adults’ mouth.
Children who are on artificial feeding, enter vegetable puree, starting from 4 months.
Feeding time for children whose diet was not supplemented: 6 am; 9:30 am; 1 pm; 4:30 pm; 8 pm; 11:30 pm.
Feeding time for children, whose diet was supplemented: 6 am; 10 am; 2 pm; 6 pm; 1 pm.
The approximate scheme of feeding a child at the 4th month-old of life of the child is given in the table.
|Clock||Menu||Volume of food per meal, fl.oz.|
|6 a.m.||Breast milk or a mixture||5.5|
|9:30 a.m.||Breast milk or a mixture||5.5|
|9:40 a.m.||Fruit juice||0.8|
|1:00 p.m.||Breast milk or a mixture||5.5|
|1:10 p.m.||Fruit puree (grated apple)||0.8|
|4:30 p.m.||Breast milk or a mixture||5.5|
|4:40 p.m.||Fruit juice||0.8|
|8:00 p.m.||Breast milk or a mixture||5.5|
|11:30 p.m.||Breast milk or a mixture||5.5|
By the fourth month, most problems with infant colic usually pass, and the child almost all day arrives in a positive mood. He still does not know how to move independently, so a lot of confusion can not lead. However, the child is very happy to communicate with you.
This is a wonderful time for the development of emotions and laughter. It is at 4 months that a child can start laughing, not just smiling. Active communication of the kid with the surrounding people occurs with the help of many different sounds of babbling.
Skills and abilities
- Learns to turn from back to stomach and can turn from belly to back.
- In the position on the abdomen pulls the handles, leaning on them and lifting the body, tearing off the chest from the horizontal surface.
- Clearly distinguishes familiar and unfamiliar people, familiar people emotionally highlights.
- Actively smiles in response to new sounds issued by an adult.
- He tries to pronounce the words, simple syllables may appear in attempts.
A child at this age learns the world with the help of tactile sensations. All the new items that are in the reach zone, he immediately pulls into his mouth. This is how he will know the world.
Be careful, do not to put small items in the child’s playing field, so that the child can not swallow or inhale them. Remember that the game must first of all be safe.
How to organize a child’s life in 4 months
The baby is already quite clearly formed mode. That is, he distinguishes between day and night. At night, he periodically wakes up for feeding and immediately falls asleep. In the afternoon 2-3 (sometimes 4) sleeps are distinguished, between which he is awake. The waking period is approximately 2 hours, after which the child falls asleep, even for 20-30 minutes. Usually, children of this age have one long daytime dream and a few short ones.
Walking four-month-old children is approximately 2 hours. But you do not need to strive to “walk in spite of everything” for 2 hours. You can break walks into several smaller ones. If the baby sleeps on the street, then you can guess a walk under one of the short dreams, so that a long sleep he slept at home. This is the time that mother can use for herself and her household chores: sleep, cooking, cleaning.
At the age of 4 months, you must enter the rituals to night sleep: bath, massage, lullaby. Daily ritual will help the child to calm down and tune to sleep.
How to play
Emotional development of the child – that’s what it’s worth to emphasize in 4 months. Various hugs, tickles, new sounds, funny faces – what your kid loves, and what will make him smile or even laugh.
4 months is the period of formation of tactile sensations. You can stimulate their development with different materials. You can offer the child to touch a variety of textured fabrics, such as artificial fur, silk or cotton. Remember that most likely the baby will pull them into the mouth, so do not leave him alone alone with these self-made developing subjects.
The child will be interested in playing with the unbreakable mirror. Attach this to the wall of the crib and watch how he will look at his reflection and build up grimaces.
What you can teach your baby
Teaching children up to 4-5 years of age must take place solely in a playful form.
The kid sees objects quite clearly at a different distance and focuses the eye well. He can long consider the toy that is in his hand.
Speech development of the child goes on continuously. Hearing the speech of an adult, he begins to communicate more actively. Every day he utters new syllables. If in this (or any other) age limit the communication with the child, then he again rolls down to a simple sounds.
During bathing the kid, shows the desire to swim on the tummy. He persistently makes the movement with pens, moans, snorts, and even screams because he can not do it. In these movements, the desire of the baby to learn to crawl. Help your kid in his endeavor.
Initial development of speech
The first syllables appear about at 4 months. They are not yet conscious, it is only preparation for a full speech. In most cases, the child does not know how to double the syllables (yes, ma, ma, ba-ba). Speech at this age is another way of communicating with adults. That is, the baby learns not only to scream and cry, to attract the attention of an adult.
At 4 months of life, the color of the child’s eyes also changes. If the child was born with light eyes (for example, with blue eyes), and mom and dad eyes are brown, then during the first half of the year, the color of the baby’s eyes can change. Do not be scared – this is a natural process. Most newborn eyes are light, but by 4-5 months, they darken. Only if the eye color does not change until six months, we can say with confidence that this color is forever.
In children whose parents are dark-haired and brown-eyed, the color of the eyes is predominantly light brown. But when a child reaches 4 months of age, the color of his eyes becomes as dark as his mom’s or dad’s. Therefore, the fourth month of life of the baby can be called as the month of the formation of a new quality of hair and a new eye color.
Sometimes, during gymnastics, you can hear a crackle in the elbow and knee joints. Do not worry – this is due to the lack of maturity of the joint apparatus, which includes muscles, bones, tendons, cartilage. After a few months of practicing massage and gymnastics, the muscles of the arms, legs and trunk of the baby get stronger, and such phenomena will not bother you and your baby.