The main achievements of the first month are an increase in weight from 1 to 3 oz, attempts to hold the head in a supine position and eye contact with the mother.
This is the second month of your baby’s life – the most difficult month comes to an end. Now the child is 1 month old and he begins to actively explore the world around him. He is still very small and still almost all the time asleep, but his attention to the outside world has increased significantly. Being next to his mother, he can smell her, which makes him feel calm and secure.
What can do newborn baby at 1 month?
- Briefly focuses on his face.
- He follows the gaze of the smoothly moving objects, briefly detains a glance at fixed objects.
- Distinguishes sounds, recognizes mother’s voice, her smell.
- Distinguishes colors. And important for a baby at 1 month is not so much the color of the toy, how much brightness and contrast with surrounding objects.
- Lying on the stomach, trying to raise the head.
- He makes small movements with pens and legs, at times tries to make sounds while with the adult speaking with him.
Of all the senses at this age, the most developed sense of smell, touch and taste sensations. The child was growing up quite actively developed during 1 month , now he gradually begins to pay attention to the surrounding, especially to his mother. He feels the touch, its smell, the taste of milk, which, by the way, changes depending on what the mother was eating. Vision is not very good. All children at this age are shortsighted, so the items that you will showing have to be no further than half a meter. The same applies to the mother’s face – surely he will see him only close.
Consciously the baby begins to smile only by the second month, but already now he can see the first smiles. He opens his eyes, looks at the world around him. Emotions are manifested on:
- The joy of feeding;
In this way the kid makes it clear to his mother that he needs something.
Sleep of a child at 1 month is up to 18 hours a day, gradually begins to form the regime of the day. It is desirable that the baby wakes up at the same time and at the same time ate.
Development at 1 month
By the beginning of the first month, there are significant changes in the appearance of the child. The puffiness characteristic of the newborn gradually disappears, the face acquires certain features. Now you can tell who he is more similar – to mom or dad. Although this “similarity” will change several times over time.
Characteristic for the newborn pose, when the baby is like an embryo folded in the mother’s tummy (the so-called hypertonus). Gradually relaxes, at times the fists are unclenched, the child begins to actively move the handles and legs.
If during the first month of life there were no problems with the umbilical wound, it should already heal and on the belly flaunts the most ordinary, beautiful navel.
Children are not able to keep the head at this age, their muscles are still too weak, therefore, taking the child in his arms, the mother should not forget to hold his head. However, even now you can start to strengthen the skeletal muscles – periodically put the baby on his tummy. Watch – lying on the tummy, your little one will try to raise the head. Keep her in this position, he probably will not succeed, but it will be excellent gymnastics.
Care about newborn baby
The first bathing was to take place before the age of 1 month. This is a very useful and necessary procedure. If your baby is all right with the navel, you can not neglect it. To bathe a month’s baby should be at least 2 times a week. In addition to cleanliness, bathing a child at 1 month is necessary to stimulate the tone of the body, which helps to remove hypertonic muscle faster.
It is important for the normal development at this age to monitor hygiene:
- Every morning wash the baby,
- Clean the spout, ears,
- Between the fingers,
- To cut off nails,
- Cleanse the skin after each diaper replacement with wet tissues or wash the crotch under the jet of warm water (about 100 oF).
The room where the baby is located must be clean, dry, well-ventilated. In order not to leave the child in a draft, during the airing it can be to another room. In order not to leave the child in a draft, while the room is airing, transfer it to another room. Don’t forget about walks! At this age in the fresh air should be at least 2 hours during the day.
Urination during wakefulness can occur frequently, every 10-15 minutes. The minimum amount of urination is 6 times a day. The urine is light, almost transparent.
Emptying of the intestine – up to 12 times a day, usually during or immediately after feeding. The chair is usually yellow, with a pleasant smell.
If there are no contraindications for health, it is already possible to massage a 1 month’s children. This will have a beneficial effect on muscle tone. Moreover, thanks to the systematic tactile sensations in the brain of the baby, connections are formed that contribute to its harmonious physical and mental development. At first it should be easy, stroking movements and it is better if the first massage is done by an experienced specialist. Good massage for newborn baby at 1 month: gently pat on the feet of the baby.
Find good, quiet music and put it to your baby. It can be a classical or suitable modern music, but it must be peaceful and positive. Not bad as an additional sedative before going to bed include a quiet, soothing melody. There are many special musical collections for children of all ages, it is not difficult to find a suitable one for a month old child.
In this month you will have your first visit to a doctor. If a pediatrician or a visiting nurse came to your house before the month, from the age of one month the parents bring the children themselves. For this, there is a healthy child’s day in polyclinics, when only healthy babies come. Find out this day in advance, so as not to come when there are many coughing and sneezing children of all ages around.
Best for a one-month-old baby is natural feeding. Mother’s milk is well absorbed, contains not only all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals, but also mother’s antibodies that protect against diseases. If you think that you do not have enough milk – do not hurry to switch to artificial mixtures. Temporary reduction of milk in a woman can occur several times in the first six months of lactation. Talk to the pediatrician, you will be helped by special teas for nursing mothers, harmless medications or even just changing your own diet.
Breastfeeding on demand, quite chaotic. The baby can both be applied for a short time, and suckles for 1-1.5 hours. Needs to apply and suck breast during night sleep. Correctly organized joint sleep with her mother may rest her, and the child gives the necessary sense of security.