- Physiology of the child of the third month of life
- Child’s psychology
- Behavior and understand the baby
- Skills and abilities of the child
- What to do with the kid – games with the child
- How to organize a child’s life at 3 months age
- Development of the psyche and the emotional sphere (mental)
- Useful articles about newborn kids:
Another month passed and your baby changed beyond recognition. His face acquired another meaningful expression, the muscles grew stronger, the baby’s movements became more coordinated, and the reaction became more adult.
Physiology of the child of the third month of life
For the third month of life, the baby will add 1.7 lb and will grow 1-1.5 inch. The brain is actively formed, the digestive system changes. Keep in mind that vitamin D, which prevents the development of rickets, is not enough in human milk, so pediatricians at this age usually prescribe this vitamin to all children who are breastfeeding.
For a child aged 3 months, be guided by the following figures:
|Boys (lbs. and inches)||10.6–18.3||22.3–26.1|
|Girls (lbs. and inches)||9.7–17.2||21.6–25.5|
In the third month of life awakens the sense of smell, and now the baby recognizes you not only by voice, appearance, but also by smell. The reaction has become more diverse than a month ago. The smile became more meaningful, laughter appeared, and also a sharp cry when the child did not like something. Crying has certain reasons: a kid can be hungry, angry, afraid, sleepy, and also can express the child’s reaction to pain.
The child very much is pleasant, when it or him take in arms or hand. He already understands that the hands are much more comfortable and interesting than in the crib. At three months, the kid is not only interested in what is happening around him, but also tries to contact with the world. He does not just wait to be approached, talk and smile, but he also looks for the faces of adults, smiles at them, pulls the pens and “talks” with the help of babbling.
Behavior and understand the baby
A three-month-old child does not wait for adults to start talking to him. He is ready to independently establish contacts with others. The kid purposefully searches for the people, looks openly in eyes, smiles and utters various sounds. The child at this age is open to communication, he likes the attention of other people, he willingly talks with strangers and he is happy about it.
Although now your little one is ready to smile at everyone, the happiest smiles, of course, go to Mom and Dad. Even if mother won’t say a word, the baby will recognize her and smile happily. Pleasure for the baby delivers the very fact of the appearance of the mother, regardless of whether she will play with him or not.
The child is already able to convey a whole range of feelings and emotions through a variety of sounds. He can cry, scream, laugh, “walk” – and parents will always understand what exactly their child wants to “say”.
The kid can maintain long enough dialogues with adults. Communicating, he uses not only sounds, but also facial expressions and gestures (by the way, in a good mood the baby often utters consonant sounds). At this age, the child perfectly understand the mood of parents. He watches their facial expressions, voice intonations and other signals. A good mood of mom and dad will necessarily be passed on to the baby.
Skills and abilities of the child
- the kid is able to control his hands, his movements become rational, he knows what exactly he wants to take in his hand;
- can turn from back to back;
- rises on elbows, lying on the tummy, and holds his head for a long time with breaks for rest;
- the period of activity became longer than before, wakefulness lasts 1.5-2 hours in a row;
- the kid enjoys studying his body, carefully touches his face, considering pens and legs, sometimes he plays with them;
- sleeps 15 hours a day, in the daytime the baby sleeps 3 times;
- eats on demand;
- watches the bright toy at a distance up to 2 meters in front of the child;
- lying on his stomach, holds his head for about 30 seconds, turns his head toward the sound;
- loves to play with his pens, they are no longer clenched into fists, as before, but are more relaxed;
- copies the facial expressions of the adult who bent over the child;
- tries to attract the attention of parents;
- rolls from back onto side (learn how to roll over)
Being interested in the world, the kid gets a lot of impressions, parents, make sure that the child’s interest is satisfied, and the nervous system is not overloaded. If a child begins to cry after some activities or games, this may indicate that he is tired of new information, and he needs to be reassured.
Physical abilities of the kid
A big role in the circulation belongs to a smile. Crying gradually disappears, remains only when demonstrating obvious physical or emotional discomfort. Do you know that specialists in neonatology distinguish more than 70 types of smiles from three-years-old babies !? Oddly enough, an ordinary mother, attentive to her baby, can easily achieve the same results. The main thing is communicate with your son or daughter as much as possible!
The kid already knows how to be capricious – usually this is due to the fact that he is simply bored. Capricious, the children whimper, cry “not for real.” Talk to the child, play, pick up, tell some story or a fairy tale – and his face will be lit up again with a smile!
If your child has already “opened” the handles and legs, help him get acquainted with other parts of the body. Show first on yourself – in fact there is nothing more entertaining than mother’s face – where the spout, mouth, eyes. And then touch the baby’s face. Teach your child to show his tongue, to inflate his cheeks, “spank” his lips – he will gladly repeat these movements for you, so important for the formation of speech activity.
The child will be delighted if you dance with him, will be danced under easy, smooth music, swinging from side to side. By the way, the kid can become for you a wonderful “training apparatus”: keep the child on his hands, doing exercises. Benefits for you – additional load, and for him – your movements, heart rhythm will be transmitted to the baby, and his muscles will work in sync with yours.
What to do with the kid – games with 3 months old child
Many babies by the end of 3 months are able to roll, especially pushing from the side of the crib. A lot of fun brings the kicking ball with the legs, which can be put at the feet of the child in the crib. At this age, children will gladly listen to fairy tales (especially rhymed), poetry, sing along with mother’s lullaby.
Stimulate the baby to fix a look at moving and motionless objects, encourage longer concentration on the subject. Take in your hand a bright ball. When the child draws attention, start moving the ball from left to right, up and down. Speak thus: “Where is the ball? Look, it is here! ”
Actively use toys that produce different sounds. Attract the attention of the baby by moving toys. Use the toy to the left, right, top and bottom. Ask: “Where is it ringing? Ding Ding! Where now?”
Give the baby the opportunity to perform as many feel moving as possible. At the same time, the child must see the object that he feels. To do this, put an object in your hand and draw his attention to this object. The shape, size, texture of such items must be diverse, but convenient for grasping. Say the sounds that you heard from the baby: “abu”, “agu”, “bu-bu”, “ah-ah,” “oh-oh,” etc.
Development of baby movements
At this age the movements of the child are still imperfect, the muscles are only just freed from the disturbance of the muscle tone of the body (hypertonus in the child). And the baby begins to move his body awkwardly. Use this when practicing.
Encourage any desire of the child to move. Put a bright toy on the side of the baby, so that she attracts his attention, and help the baby stretching towards it to gently turn from back to stomach.
Game “Fun Fingers”
Tie the bells and hang them on the ribbon above the crib. Shake these bells so that the child will hear the sound, and pay attention to the funny suspension. Talk to the baby, stroke his hands and guide them to the toy. Gradually, the baby will learn to grab the bells and ring. Such training will help to cope with hypertonus and open the palm, because this is a good massage for baby.
At 3 months the baby learns to raise his head high, lying on his stomach and leaning on forearms. This skill can be trained by raising and lowering an attractive toy in front of the baby’s face.
When the baby is awake in the position on the abdomen, show him something very interesting, for example a tumbler: the attention of the young person will be attracted by a bright color, a pleasant sound. And most importantly – his or her smiling face. Don’t forget that the baby’s neck muscles are still weak, and he can not hold his head long, so the duration of training should not exceed 1-1.5 minutes. Also, make sure that the child symmetrically rests on both elbows.
How to organize a child’s life at 3 months age
To massage, gymnastics and swimming, if you practice them, you can add tempering in the form of “air baths”. Don’t wear clothes on the child, during periods of wakefulness, he must move freely.
It is necessary to continue to follow the regime of the child’s day, often by the third month, parents begin to invite guests, listen to loud music and watch TV. It’s not necessary to deprive yourself of entertainment altogether, but you need to remember that noise and contact with a large number of people can affect the infant’s nervous system in a bad way.
Way to teach your child something new
If the baby is already easy to move your fingers, then you can start to develop small motor skills. Give him pouch of different cloths, filled with different materials: cotton, paper, small pebbles, buckwheat, peas, so that the child can feel them.
Initial development of speech
Some babies at 3 months old continue to have voice reactions, some just begin, but with time, sounds every day become more diverse (read: When does the child begin to speak). In the main, these are vowels, but consonants can also occur. It is worth remembering that in a bad mood, a rebekan usually remains silent, but joy always induces him to start “talking.”
Development of the psyche and the emotional sphere (mental)
Central vision appears in the child only at the 2nd-3rd month of life. In the future, gradual improvement occurs. From the ability to detect an object to the ability to distinguish and recognize it. The ability to distinguish the simplest objects is ensured by the appropriate level of development of the visual system, and the recognition of complex images is already associated with the development of intelligence.
During the 2 nd month of life the child begins to develop the nearest space. At first, close objects are seen “in two dimensions” (height and width), but due to the touch they are felt “in three dimensions” (height, width and depth). The first ideas about the volume of objects are formed.
At 2-3 months old the child, after hearing some sound, either stops sucking, or begins to suck more vigorously (if at that moment he eats).At such moments, he opens his eyes wide and looks at the familiar adult. The maximum distance at which the baby reacts to the sound increases to 2-3 m.
A two-month-old child is forming a “revitalization” complex: he smiles, actively moves his hands and feet when with him affectionately spoken.
The kid continues to sleep a lot, an average of 15 hours a day, although this is significantly less than in the newborn. Daytime sleep usually takes about 5-6 hours, and at night 10-11 hours. The waking time, which includes not only games and feeding, but also preparation for sleep and the process of packing, is, as a rule, 1 hour 20-35 minutes. In this case, the optimal rhythm of sleep and wakefulness is ensured. The child is intensively growing, and the sleeping regime of the baby is constantly changing. Only mother gets a sense of stability and predictability, as time comes to adjust again to the changing needs of the baby.
How to put a newborn in sleep for 40 seconds
In the nutrition of a child of 3 months, which is on artificial feeding, there should be a clear mode of feeding, because the mixture is assimilated longer than breast milk. Children’s portion of the mixture increases. When preparing food for your baby, strictly follow the instructions on the package.